PCP: What to Know

effects of pcp

PCP has sedative effects, and interactions with other central nervous system depressants, such as alcohol and benzodiazepines, can lead to coma or accidental overdose. Many PCP users are brought to emergency rooms because of PCP’s unpleasant psychological effects or because of overdoses. In a hospital or detention setting, they often become violent or suicidal, and are very dangerous to themselves and to others. They should be kept in a calm setting and should not be left alone.

By 1967, it was discontinued due to postoperative dysphoria and hallucinations. Also in the 1960s, PCP began to be illegally manufactured in laboratories and emerged as a popular street drug in San Francisco. Common street names for PCP are the peace pill, angel dust, crystal joints, rocket fuel, sawgrass, zoom, the sheets, and elephant tranquilizer. Depending on the dose and route of administration, PCP can have a wide range of central nervous system (CNS) manifestations. Thus, when patients are admitted with a drug overdose, a urinary drug screen should be performed for other illicit agents at the same time.

effects of pcp

You can also join a virtual or in-person support group and connect and share with others who’ve been through a similar experience. When you use PCP in any form, how you react to the drug will depend on how much of it you drink, snort, inject, or smoke. But they believe that PCP changes how certain neurotransmitters (chemical messengers) in your brain send and receive signals. Despite this fall in its use, PCP is still a matter of concern to health authorities and drug agencies.

In some cases, people mix it with tobacco, various cannabis products, or even mint and oregano. People often dissolve the powder or liquid in alcohol or water. People most often take this drug to chase the high that can make you feel detached from your body. A typical dose is 5 to 10 milligrams, and 10 mg has been reported to cause stupor. The effects are felt 30 to 60 minutes after oral ingestion, or a few minutes after smoking. Immediate effects last 4 to 6 hours, but a return to a normal state can take up to 24 hours.

What Does PCP Do?

As with any recreational drug that may be injected, the risk for HIV, hepatitis, and other infectious diseases from shared needles is a possibility. Individuals who are dependent on ecstasy mdma or molly PCP should speak to a doctor about safe ways to stop taking the drug. During rehab for PCP addiction, health professionals help people overcome withdrawal in a safe environment.

You might lose the sense of control around the substance and instead develop the need to use it more often to get through your  day-to-day routine. This dependence on the drug is medically known as substance use disorder. It tastes bitter and is made of a white crystalline powder.

  1. Patients may need to be hospitalized and receive behavioral treatments to address abuse issues with PCP.
  2. Depending on the dose, administration route, and coingestants, PCP can cause a wide spectrum of clinical effects, from coma to extreme agitation or psychosis.
  3. Intubation with ventilatory support may be required for airway protection.
  4. The effects are felt 30 to 60 minutes after oral ingestion, or a few minutes after smoking.
  5. Inhalation (the most common route of administration) and intravenous routes of administration produce symptoms in 2 to 5 minutes.
  6. PCP was developed in the 1950s as an intravenous anesthetic, but due to the serious neurotoxic side effects, its development for human medical use was discontinued.

PCP stays in your system longer than many other drugs. The hallucinogenic effects may last between four and eight hours when the drug is smoked and six to 24 hours when it’s taken in pill form. Street names for PCP include angel dust, embalming fluid, hog, killer weed, love boat, ozone, peace pill, rocket fuel, super grass, and wack. PCP is a Schedule II substance under federal law. This category includes narcotics that have a high potential for abuse or physical or psychological dependence. So if you use, buy, or sell the drug, you might face fines and jail time.

Harmful Effects of PCP

Scientists think it blocks the normal actions of certain brain chemicals. The withdrawal symptoms can be hard to manage or cope with. If you’re unable to resist PCP, talk to your doctor about treatment options such as in-patient recovery. Over time, the more you use the drug, the more tolerance you’ll build. This means you’ll need to use higher doses to get the same level of high. If you take more than 20 milligrams at once, it can cause you to overdose and could lead to serious problems like seizures, a coma, or even death.

Treatment with a drug rehabilitation center or addiction professional is recommended. The first step toward withdrawing from PCP is to seek supportive therapy. Toxic psychosis can also develop, causing hostility, paranoia, and delusions in users. The effects can be hard to predict, because production and sale are illegal and therefore not controlled.

Recovery and Treatment Options for PCP

It is made illegally in secret laboratories, along with dozens of analogs (drugs that are chemically similar) available on the street. It is thought to be made primarily in the United States (U.S.), mostly in Southern California, but it is distributed across the country. Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances. PCP affects the way brain cells react to glutamate.

What are PCP’s effects on the brain?

Sedation with medication and physical restraints may be required to control agitation, violent behavior, and psychosis due to PCP intoxication. Placing the patient in a calm environment such as a quiet room with the lights dimmed 5 keys to going alcohol-free may be helpful. Benzodiazepines are the preferred medication for chemical sedation in patients with PCP toxicity. Lorazepam 2 to 4 mg intravenous (IV) or intramuscular (IM), or diazepam 5 to 10 mg IV or IM are recommended.

Smoking is the most common route when used recreationally. The liquid form of PCP is actually PCP base often dissolved in ether, a highly flammable solvent. For smoking, PCP is typically sprayed onto leafy material such as mint, parsley, oregano, or marijuana.

PCP begins to cause symptoms at a dose of 0.05mg/kg, and a dose of 20 mg or more can cause seizures, coma, and death. It is mainly metabolized by the liver, and 10% is excreted in the kidneys. Inhalation (the most common route of administration) and intravenous routes of administration produce symptoms in 2 to 5 minutes. Oral ingestion produces chip carter says he was warned by white house about drug raid the new york times symptoms in 30 to 60 minutes. The half-life is estimated to be 21 hours, but symptoms can last from several hours up to 48 hours, depending on the dose. Recurrent, fluctuating symptoms can occur because PCP is fat-soluble and can be released from lipid stores and adipose tissue that can occur days to months after the initial use.